The Yorùbá people are a near-homogenous and semi-independent peoples loosely linked by geography, language, history, culture and religion. Yorùbá communities can be found in different parts of West Africa but the largest concentration can be found in the Southwestern part of Nigeria. In Togo, the Yorùbá people are known as Anago, Tsha and Ife to the North. In Liberia and Sierra Leone, they are referred to as Aku.
The transatlantic slavery of the 18th and 19th centuries also brought a sizeable number of Yorùbá people to the New World, most especially to Cuba (where they are known as the Lukumi), Trinidad, Haiti Puerto Rico and America, where elements of Yorùbá culture and language are still found today. This is especially emphasized in the socio-cultural and religious lives of the many Yorùbá people in the Diaspora.
The Yoruba in Brazil (where they are known as Nago) have special identity, attributed to the divine arrangement of God, and as such share the same heritage, language, culture, religion, climatic conditions and occupations with the Yorubas living in South-West Nigeria. Nagos have high forest, they grow cocoyam, plantain, banana, cocoa, collarnut, rubber, etc. in commercial quantity and Ifa is their heritage.
There is an evidence in the Bible that supports the Theory of Intercontinental Drift in Geography that the world was together before North America and South America were parted from Europe and Africa with Atlantic Ocean:
“And unto Eber were born two sons: the name of one [was] Peleg; for in his days was the earth divided; and his brother’s name [was] Joktan.”
(Genesis 10:25 KJV)
“And unto Eber were born two sons: the name of the one [was] Peleg; because in his days the earth was divided: and his brother’s name [was] Joktan.”
(1 Chronicles 1:19 KJV)
In the Hebrew language the name ” Peleg ” means a dividing by a “small channel of water” and is also root associated with the meaning of an earthquake. The Hebrew word translated as ” divided ” in the passage means to “split” something. According to the Bible genealogy, this man named Peleg was born 101 years after the flood. No doubt this Peleg was so named because of an event of great significance to the people living at the time he was born.
The account that Yoruba people living in Brazil (Nago) got there on transatlantic slavery trade is doubtful. The edges of the world map where Brazil was split away from Nigeria by Atlantic Ocean are where Yoruba and Nago live in Nigeria and Brazil respectively. Nagos are part of Yoruba parted away by sea.
Today, Yoruba Language is spoken in three major countries in the world: Nigeria, Benin Republic and Brazil.